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Bulgaria Geography


Part of the Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria has an area of 110,910 sq km (42,822 sq mi), and extends 330 km (205 mi) north to south, and 520 km (323 mi) east to west. Comparatively, the area occupied by Bulgaria is slightly larger than the state of Tennessee. Bulgaria is bounded on the N by Romania, on the east by the Black Sea, on the southeast by Turkey, on the south by Greece, and on the west by Macedonia and Serbia and Montenegro, with a total boundary length of 1,808 km (1,123 mi).

Bulgaria's capital city, Sofia, is located in the west central part of the country.

Bulgaria consists of a number of roughly parallel east-west zones. They are the Danubian tableland in the north, the Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina) in the centre and the Thracian Plain, drained by the Maritsa River, in the south. The Rhodope, Rila and Pirin mountains lie in the southwestern part of the country.

The average elevation is 480 m (1,575 ft), and the highest point, in the Rila Mountains, is the Musala, at 2,925 m (9,596 ft). The Danube (Dunav), Bulgaria's only navigable river, forms most of the northern boundary with Romania.

Bulgaria lies along the southern margins of the continental climate of Central and Eastern Europe. Regional climatic differences occur in the Danubian tableland, exposed to cold winter winds from the north and the Thracian Plain, which has a modified Mediterranean climate and is protected by the Balkan Mountains against the northern frosts. January temperatures are between 0° and 2°C (32-36°F) in the lowlands but colder in the mountains; July temperatures average about 22° to 24°C (72-75°F). Precipitation is fairly regularly distributed throughout the year and amounts to an average of 64 cm (25 in).


Location :
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates :
43 00 N, 25 00 E

Map references :

Area :
total: 110,910 sq km
land: 110,550 sq km
water: 360 sq km

Area - comparative :
slightly larger than Tennessee

Land boundaries :
total: 1,808 km
border countries: Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km

Coastline :
354 km

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