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Bulgaria Communications


Telecommunications has become one of the growing industries in the country. Three GSM mobile-telephone operators – Globul, Mobiltel and Vivatel – provide almost 100% coverage each. They have a network of service-centers throughout the country. Bulgarians made use of some 8.3 million cellular phones as of 2006. Mobikom provides the only NMT 450 mobile-phone service. Bulgarians in towns can access the Internet, and recently most villages have acquired fast connectivity and VoIP; BTK offers DSL connection in larger cities. Bulgaria has about 298,781 internet hosts as of 2007.

As of 2001, there were 31 AM and 63 FM radio stations and 39 television stations. In Spring 2000, the government awarded a licence for the first privately owned television station with nationwide coverage to the Balkan News Corporation. All other national television stations are state-owned, though there are a number of privately operated regional stations. In 1997 there were 4.5 million radios and 3.3 million television sets.


Telephones - main lines in use :
2.399 million (2006)

Telephones - mobile cellular :
8.253 million (2006)

Telephone system :
general assessment: an extensive but antiquated telecommunications network inherited from the Soviet era; quality has improved; the Bulgaria Telecommunications Company's fixed-line monopoly terminated in 2005 when alternative fixed-line operators were given access to its network; a drop in fixed-line connections in recent years has been offset by a sharp increase in mobile-cellular telephone use fostered by multiple service providers
domestic: a fairly modern digital cable trunk line now connects switching centres in most of the regions; the others are connected by digital microwave radio relay
international: country code - 359; submarine cable provides connectivity to Ukraine and Russia; a combination submarine cable and land fibre-optic system provides connectivity to Italy, Albania and Macedonia; satellite earth stations - 3 (1 Intersputnik in the Atlantic Ocean region, 2 Intelsat in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions) (2007)

Radio broadcast stations :
AM 31, FM 63, shortwave 2 (2001)

Television broadcast stations :
39 (plus 1,242 repeaters) (2001)

Internet country code :

Internet hosts :
298,781 (2007)

Internet users :
1.87 million (2006)




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